Saturday 13 May 2017
EEA nationals maybe free to live and work in France without any visa being necessary, but what are the conditions of entry of nationals from outside of Europe?
Unlike EEA nationals, non-Europeans have no entitlement to live in France without a residence permit - a carte de séjour.
The conditions and requirements for entry of non-EEA nationals are set out in the Code de l'Entrée et du Séjour des Etrangers et du Droit d'Asile (CESEDA).
Under CESEDA there are a variety of different types of residence permit that can be issued - for those who have family ties to France, those with substantial wealth, or those with skills or talent which could make a substantial contribution to the country.
There are particular rules for non-European family members of an EEA citizen, which we will cover in a future Newsletter.
As well as these more specialist visas there are a range of more general visas, which are granted on a discretionary basis.
Whether you will need a visa for a short stay in France depends on your nationality, although many countries on the planet are visa exempt for such visits.
You can stay 90 days over a period of 180 days, which can be used either in one go or for multiple trips.
Your passport must have at least three month's validity remaining at the end of the 90-day stay.
If you propose to stay longer than three months you need to apply for a standard long-stay visa, called a visa de long séjour of which there are different types, but which is valid for 1 year on a renewable basis.
Your application may be made for different reasons - study, salaried employment, temporary employment, business creation, scientific, research, artisitc, medical, or merely 'visiteur'.
The process for obtaining a visa used to start in the French consulate in your home country, although since 2018 all applicants are being asked to make an initial application on-line.
As part of the process you will need to provide a substantial amount of documentation, which may include, but may not be limited to:
The processing time depends on your nationality, reasons for the visa, and the demands on the local visa office.
A fee of €99 is payable, although it depends on nationality and type of visa. It is substantially lower for students.
Except in a few cases, if you are refused a visa reasons for refusal are not given, although you are entitled to appeal to the Commission de recours contre les décisions de refus de visa d’entrée en France within two months of the decision.
A spouse living with the beneficiary is included in this residency right.