Grants for Electric Vehicles in France
Thursday 02 December 2021
Buy a new electric or hybrid car in France and obtain a grant on the purchase price of the vehicle and for the installation of a charging point. UPDATED 8th January 2023.
As is happening in most other countries in Europe, the French government is encouraging the wider use of electric cars through financial incentives to buyers.
The rules of engagement are forever changing and the generous headline figures that are often cited are subject to detailed conditions that are sometimes difficult to fulfil.
Nevertheless, if you do meet the criteria, a reasonable sum of cash is available, although you need to be careful of inflated prices from dealers arising from the grants.
Broadly speaking, there are three main measures in place:
- Prime à la Conversion – a grant for scraping an eligible car and the purchase of an eligible petrol, diesel, electric or hybrid car.
- Bonus Ecologique – a grant for the purchase of a new or eligible second-hand electric or hybrid car.
- Borne de Recharge - a grant for the installation of an electric recharge point at you home.
There is also an additional grant available for many areas of Paris (see below).
These grants are cumulative, so you may be entitled to all four of them.
i. Prime à la Conversion (1st Jan 2023)
This grant is conditional on you scrapping your existing car. That is why is also known as a prime à la casse.
Since 1st Jan 2023 the grant is means tested. Only those with a taxable income no greater than €22,983 are eligible.
The vehicle scrapped must have been registered before Jan 2006 if petrol and Jan 2011 if diesel. It must be scrapped by an authorised scrapyard (Centre agréé VHU).
The vehicle purchased must be either new or second hand with less than 6,000km on the clock.
The vehicle to be scrapped must have been owned by you for at least a year and do at least 6,000kms a year in the vehicle.
The vehicle weight cannot be higher than 2.4 tons and must run exclusively on electricity or hydrogen, or a mix of the two.
The amount of the grant depends on your income. Those with an income no greater than €14,089 can obtain a grant of up to €7,000; an income between €14,089 and €22,983 the grant is €2,500.
The grant can also be increased by €1,000 in high pollution areas, called Zones à faibles émissions mobilité (ZFE), up to €3,000 if there is a commensurate contribution by the local authority.
The purchase price must also be lower than €47,000.
The government have an on-line simulator for you to assess your eligibility, which you can find at Simulator.
You can also make application at Prime Conversion.
ii. Bonus Ecologique (1st Jan 2023)
This is a grant towards the purchase or lease of a new electric car or small van, which does not require that your existing vehicle is scrapped.
The amount of assistance varies according to the price and type of vehicle.
The bonus is deducted from the price of the vehicle by the dealer or reimbursed on application by you after the purchase of the vehicle.
For a new vehicle the emission level cannot be higher than 50 g/km and 20 g/km for a second-hand vehicle.
The grant for the purchase of a new electric vehicle for less than €47,000 with a maximum CO2 level of 20 g/km, the bonus is 27% of the vehicle's acquisition cost including tax, up to a maximum of €5,000.
The bonus is €7,000 for those with an income no greater than €14,089. The sum increases to €8,000 for a utility vehicle.
For vehicles costing €47,000 to €60,000 the grant reduces to €2,000 and to €1,000 for €60,000+vehicle.
The amount for a second-hand vehicle is €1,000. Hybrid vehicles are not eligible.
If you purchase the car through a dealer they should deal with the formalities, but if not you can make application at Bonus Ecologique.
From October 10, 2023, vehicles must also meet a minimum environmental score (carbon footprint), the details of which have yet to be communicated in common parlance! On December 15, 2023, the list of vehicles eligible for this environmental score will be communicated by the Environment and Energy Management Agency (Ademe).
iii. Borne de Recharge
A tax credit (a grant if you do not pay income tax) is available to those who buy a charging station for their electric or rechargeable hybrid car, to install it in their home or co-ownership property.
Unlike the grants above it is available to second-home owners, provided you are resident in France. It is also available to tenants.
The tax credit is €300 per person, so a married couple (or those in a civil partnership) seeking two charging stations would be entitled to a grant of €600. It is only available for the purchase of the charging station itself, not the installation cost.
It is accessible to everyone, regardless of income, whether or not they are liable to income tax. The tax credit is granted the year following the completion of the work.
The grant is only going to cover part of the cost of the works, which will generally be in excess of €1,000, including labour costs.
In order to claim the tax credit, you declare it in 2023 on your 2022 tax return.
There are also grants for the installation of charging stations in co-ownership properties.
If you live in Paris then you can make an application under their related scheme at Métropole Roule Propre.