Home Properties Rentals Guides to France Service Directory French News
Login | Register

News in France
French News
Building & Renovation
Business in France
French Life
French Taxation
Health in France
Money in France
Property Picks
Property in France
Travel in France

Site News

Property Market Reports
Main Menu
Guides To France
Contact the Editor

Search from our database of over 10,000 properties and find your dream home today!

Social Security Relief for Business Start-Ups

Small business start-ups in France are to be granted relief from social security contributions.

The burden of social security contributions (cotisations) on business owners has historically been a huge problem in France, extracting over 40% of net profits.

The issue has been particularly painful one for new businesses, who have been required to pay a minimum level of contributions, irrespective of profits, substantially impacting on cash flow, and frequently resulting in business closure.

Over the past decade successive governments have sought to ease the burden, most notably with the creation of the micro-entreprise tax structure, which simplified the system and allowed business owners to 'pay-as-you-go'.

The pace of change has been accelerated under President Macron, who has made it one of the priorities of his presidency to create a more accommodating environment for business creation and growth.

Amongst those measure has been a reduction in social security contributions, the latest of which are to apply to business creation.

To introduce the change, the government have decided to extend to all new start-ups a scheme that was previously only available to the unemployed and young persons.

Previously known as ‘ACCRE’ (Aide aux Chômeurs Créateurs ou Repreneurs d’Entreprise), it is to be re-baptised as ‘Exonération de début d’activité de création ou reprise d’entreprise’, the official acronym for which is eagerly awaited.

The relief takes two forms, depending on business tax status you have adopted, either the régime réel or micro-entreprise.

Régime Réel

Those who set up a business using the tax system of régime réel will obtain partial relief from social security contributions for one year, commencing from the date of business registration.

The relief is subject to an upper income limit.

The maximum profit to be eligible is approximately €40,000, but complete exemption is only possible if the net profit is no greater than approximately €30,000, above which it is granted on a sliding scale. With profit greater than €40,000 no relief is available.

In addition, certain charges are excluded from exemption such as the social charges CSG and CRDS, and the complementary pension and accident at work contributions.

Nevertheless, the overall effect is to reduce by over half the percentage level of cotisations that would otherwise be payable in the first year.


The relief operates in a different manner for those who set up their business as a micro-entrepreneur, due to the specific form of taxation used under this status.

They pay a fixed rate of contributions and obtain relief for the first three years of the business on a sliding scale.

In the first year there is a reduction of 75%, in the second year 50% and in the third year a reduction of 25%, with the full rate then payable in year 4, as follows:

Social Security Rates
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Commercial Sales
Liberal (CIPAV)

The same profit limit (€40,000) applies for eligibility for a micro-entreprise, although in their case it is their turnover figure. However, unlike those in the régime réel the relief is not on a sliding scale by income level. The exemption limit is applied pro-rata to commencement date of the business in the first year.


All registrations after 1st January will automatically be granted relief. 

You can read about setting up a small business in our Guide to Micro-Entrepreneur Business in France.

Related Reading:

This article was featured in our Newsletter dated 07/12/2018

Advertising Links Help Info France Information Regions Version Francaise Forums

Copyright © French-Property.com | Property in France | Rentals France