How to complete your income tax declaration this year if you let out furnished property in France.
The income tax declaration for those who let furnished property has been complicated this year by the introduction of deduction at source, a change which we reviewed in our article Taxation of Income in 2019.
Unless you complete the form correctly you will not benefit from the tax credit that should otherwise exempt most landlords from income tax and social charges on their 2018 rental income due to the introduction of deduction at source.
The form to use in declaring your rental income is a supplementary form to the main 2042, called 2042-Pro.
However, for the purposes of the guidance given below you also need to indicate on Form 2042 that you will be declaring furnished rental income. If you are making the return on-line, this will ensure the relevant form and sections open out to you for completion.
This you do on the page headed 'Selectionnez ci-dessous les rubriques que vous souhaitez faire apparaitre' on F2042. You need to tick the box 'Micro foncier : recettes brutes n'excédant pas 15 000 euros'.
Alternatively, if you are pursuing the activity as a registered micro-entrepreneur who has opted to pay income tax under the system of 'micro-fiscal', you need to tick 'Micro-entrepreneur (auto-entrepreneur) ayant opté pour le versement libératoire de l’impôt sur le revenu '.
The definition of 'furnished lettings' (locations meublées) for the purpose of the tax declaration are those residential properties that are let out on either a short-term or long-term basis, whether a house, apartment or chambre d'hôte.
Those who let out furnished lettings may be:
- Professional or non-professional landlords;
- Business registered or not business registered;
- Resident or non-resident.
In all cases such landlords have a choice of the method of taxation of the rental income they receive, either:
- Régime Réel
Those who adopt the régime réel apply accounting rules to the determination of their income, and they are liable for tax on their net income after deduction of eligible costs. Such landlords are likely to use an accountant for their accounts and submission of their tax declaration, so we will not be considering them in these notes.
Similarly, those who are ‘professional landlords’ (over €23K turnover), or who are landlords of investment properties let out under special tax regimes, and those who let unfurnished property, are not covered in this guidance.
For a fuller explanation of these rules, you can read our Guide to Letting Property in France.
If you have adopted the micro-bic tax status you will be assessed for income tax and social charges on your gross annual rental income, less a fixed cost allowance – either 50% or 71%, depending on the nature of the accommodation.
Properties that benefit from the higher allowance are accredited meublés de tourisme classés and all chambres d'hôtes.
You will need to track to the section headed 'Revenus des Locations Meublées Non Professionnelles', where you should enter your gross rental income in either box 5ND or 5NG, depending on the type of your letting.
Those businesses registered as a micro-entrepreneur can opt to pay a flat-rate income tax with their similarly flat-rate social security contribution, under a system called micro-fiscal. So if you are not a registered micro-entrepreneur this section does not apply to you.
It is not ordinarily advantageous to be taxed in this manner, unless you have substantial other earnings. There are also limits on its use if your income is above a certain threshold.
In addition, you will not be entitled to a tax credit for 2018, so the section of this note on the tax credit does not apply to you. You can read more in our Guide to Microentrepreneur Business in France.
If you have opted for micro-fiscal, you should go to the opening page of the Form 2042-Pro where it is headed 'Micro-Entrepreneur (auto-entrepreneur) ayant opte pour le versement de liberatoire de l'impot'.
You need to enter your gross income in box 5TB : 'Prestations de services et locations meublées'.
That is all you need to do.
For those who use Micro-BIC, in order to benefit from the tax credit you first need to go to the section headed 'Pour Eviter en 2019 un Double Prélévement sur vos Revenus Industriels ou Commerciaux'.
- If your turnover in 2018 was not greater than the three years average of 2015-2017, then tick box BIA; if greater, leave blank;
- If your turnover in 2018 was greater than your previous three-year average then declare the turnover for each year in boxes 5TJ, 5UV, and 5UW, as necessary;
- If you only started the business in 2018 then tick only box 5HN.
In addition, you also need to go to the section below headed 'Pour Éviter en 2019 une Double Imposition aux Prélévements Sociaux de vos Locations Meublées Non Professionelle'.
- If your turnover in 2018 was not greater than the three years average of 2015-2017, then tick box LMA; if greater, leave blank;
- If your turnover in 2018 was greater than your previous three-year average then declare the turnover for each year in boxes 5QX, 5RX, and 5SU, as necessary;
- If you only started the business in 2018 then tick only box 5DH.
The above advice is given on a general basis only; you need to seek professional advice on your individual cirumstances. See our article French Income Tax Return 2019 on the various forms.