What is the charge for a vehicle registration certificate in France?
If you purchase a new or second-hand car (or other vehicle) in France you will be obliged to register the vehicle with the prefecture.
The same applies for the importation of a car from within or outside of Europe, with higher registration charges that apply for the latter.
The vehicle registration document is called the certifcat d’immatriculation, or carte grise, as was the case before 2015, but a term which is still used colloquially.
In the case of a new vehicle, the registration process and payment of the charge is normally undertaken by the dealer, when it is added to the purchase price of the vehicle.
Several taxes and charges are payable, although some only apply to particular types of vehicles.
The taxes and charges comprise:• Taxe régionale;
• Taxe de formation professionnelle ;
• Taxes sur les véhicules polluants;
• Taxe de gestion ;
• Redevance d’acheminement.
The taxe de formation professionnelle only applies to commercial transport vehicles, and the taxe de gestion and redevance d’acheminement are of such trifling amounts there is no need to consider them here.
This is a tax fixed by the regional council, but which does not vary significantly across the country.
The level of the tax depends on the base figure determined by the council, multiplied by the (fiscal) engine capacity (puissance fiscal) of the vehicle. The information on the puissance fiscal is contained in column P.6 on the registration card.
For vehicles over 10 years old there is a reduction of 50% in the tax. Most regions offer a discount of 100% for 'green' vehicles.
The following table shows the base figure used by each region. For the purposes of this analysis we have used the former administrative regions, as in some of the newer regions a single rate has yet to be determined.
So, for example a vehicle with a puissance fiscal of 7, being registered in Aquitaine, the tax would be €41 x 7 = €287.
|Centre - Val de Loire||€49.80||0%|
|Pays de la Loire||€48.00||100%|
Taxes sur les véhicules polluants
A tax is payable on the purchase of a high-polluting new or second-hand vehicle registered since 2004.
The écotaxe additionnelle (or malus) payable on the purchase of a new vehicle depends on the level of CO₂ emissions.
For vehicles under 125 grams of CO₂ per kilometre it is a zero rate; at 127 g/CO₂ it is €50, rising to €10,000 for 191+ g/CO₂. The rate is reduced by 40% for vehicles using E85 ethanol fuel blend.
For second-hand vehicles registered since 2004 the tax (taxe CO₂) is €2 per gram between 201g CO₂/kilometre and 250g CO₂ / km, and €4 per gram beyond 250g CO₂ / km.
In addition, the taxe annuelle sur la détention d'un véhicule particulier polluant is payable each subsequent year on high-polluting vehicles.
For those vehicles registered since 2012 the threshold that applies is 190g/CO₂/km; it is higher for older vehicles registered prior to this date, but does not apply to vehicles registered before 2009. The tax is €160 per year.